Government have launched Clean and Green Andhra Pradesh Campaign on 10th September 1998 to make every Habitation and Municipal Ward clean and green and to enable every man, woman and child in the State lead a healthy life. Every Third Saturday of the month is declared as Clean & Green Day. The campaign focuses on the major areas of water supply and sanitation, tree plantation and health awareness.
Community awareness will be created for a clean and green environment. Community based organisations will be strengthened to ensure people’s participation for sustainable development and environmental conservation. Every citizen will be motivated for achieving a clean and green environment. An intensified campaign mode will be adopted on every Clean and Green Day for the realisation of the goal with greater social mobilization and community participation. However, all the activities taken up on the Clean and Green Campaign Day will be further continued with regular follow up by the departments and agencies concerned.
Every Habitation will have a common dumping yard and government will earmark suitable community land for this purpose. Every Municipal Town and Major Gram Panchayat will have a garbage yard and suitable government land will be earmarked for this purpose. Suitable garbage collection systems will be adopted for lifting garbage from the house hold level involving voluntary organisations and private agencies. Provision of burial grounds and their proper maintenance will be ensured with all facilities in every Gram Panchayat and Municipal Towns.
Proper Solid Waste Disposal Systems will be adopted for converting Solid Waste into organic manure. Incineration of solid waste will also be taken up in major cities. Disposal of Hospital Waste in major towns will be taken up adopting suitable scientific techniques. Disposal of debris will be regulated and service charges will be levied for disposal of debris and for debris clearance.
Construction of Individual Sanitary Latrines will be taken up for all households with provision of subsidy for the poor households adopting appropriate technologies suitable to the local conditions. Individual sanitary latrines will be constructed in clusters in government lands with individual ownership wherever home stead lands are not available for individual latrines. Construction of Individual household soak pits for disposal of household wastage will be made compulsory as a part of the sanction of building plans.
Proper maintenance of sanitation will be ensured in weekly markets (both vegetarian and non-vegetarian) and Slaughter houses. The Local Bodies will be permitted to collect service charges for proper maintenance and cleanliness of such places.
Protection of low lying areas will be ensured against water stagnation in all Habitations and Wards. Fire Engines will be used for bailing out water from areas affected by water stagnation.
Local Bodies will ensure that all the public toilets are maintained properly wherever possible involving voluntary organisations and private agencies.
Preparation of Master Plan for Drainage will be taken up, connecting small drains and intermediate drains with main drains by taking proper levels to ensure free flow of water and sewerage. Cleaning of all drains in the Municipalities and Major Gram Panchayats will be taken up with a time bound programme.
Proper deployment of civic staff in the Local Bodies will be ensured and the remaining areas will be privatised for sanitation maintenance with the active involvement of voluntary organisations and People’s Councils. Supply of proper equipment and other accessories will be ensured for the civic staff. Modern equipment and machinery will be extensively used for the maintenance of sanitation in the municipalities and major gram panchayats.
Protection of all Water Bodies will be ensured along with their beautification. All drinking water sources will be cleaned and chlorinated regularly. Construction of Dhobighats with provision of running water will be taken up in every Habitation on scientific lines in a phased manner to avoid water pollution. Protection of canal bunds will be ensured from encroachments by providing greenery.
Action Plans will be prepared for supply of drinking water in areas affected by quality and problems of salinity. Provision of soak pits and platforms will be taken up for all borewells. Provision of safe drinking water for all will be ensured and extension of pipe lines will be taken up for the needy areas and particularly weaker section localities.
Construction of rain water harvesting structures and water shed development in vacant lands will be popularised in the urban areas for recharging the ground water available and for environmental conservation.
Identification of home stead land, road margins, community lands, institutional premises, field bunds and farm lands and other open places in urban and rural areas will be taken up for tree plantation. Tree Plantation will be taken up on priority in all government institutions having compound walls. “Memory Plantations” particularly in Educational Institutions will be encouraged with the active involvement of the students. All Municipal Parks and vacant lands in the urban areas will be used for memory plantations. Every student in Schools, Colleges and Universities, every government employee and elected representative will be motivated to plant trees and adopt in their names. Local Industries will be requested to sponsor Tree Guards for avenue plantation and adopting plantations in public places. Records will be maintained of the number of trees planted and their survival.
Decentralised nursery with People’s Participation and Self Help Groups will be taken up in all Schools under the supervision of Village Education Committees, Market yards, Temple premises based on the local requirements and choice of species. The funds available under all schemes and programmes including 10% of JRY Funds for raising of nurseries shall be pooled at the district level by the Collectors and transferred to the Forest Department for raising of nurseries and distribution of seedlings to the people at reasonable cost. Further funds will be released by the government wherever necessary supplementing the above funds.
The fire engines available at the erstwhile block and mandal headquarters will be used for weekly watering of block plantations taken up. The operational cost will be borne by the Fire Services Department. Wireless sets will be fitted with the fire engines, the expenditure for which will be met out of Janmabhoomi funds. Monthly monitoring will be taken up by the Director General, Fire Services.
Priority will be given to creation of health awareness focussing on personal hygiene, prevention of communicable diseases, sanitation and pollution control. Electronic and Print media will be used extensively. Messages on health and sanitation issues will be integrated into the syllabus in educational institutions at appropriate levels.
So far, 17 rounds of the campaign have been implemented in the state between September, 1998 and February, 2000. The cumulative achievements under Clean and Green Campaign from September1998 to February, 2000 are given below:
376.33 lakh seedlings have been planted under Tree Plantation programme. Out of this, 74.98 lakh households have planted 128.14 lakh trees while 9.16 lakh institutions have planted 248.19 lakh seedlings.
198.50 lakh students and teachers participated in the campaign. Green Brigades have been formed in 1,27,858 institutions.
3.10 lakh rallies have been organised in which 246.98 lakh people participated.
Massive Sanitation Drive had been undertaken in all Municipalities and Gram Panchayats focussing on desilting of drains (19,210 kms), cleaning and chlorination of drinking water sources (5.92 lakhs), removal of garbage/debri (60,610 vehicles and 2,52,761 tonnes of garbage), cleaning of market places (27,905), slaughter houses (11,221), maintenance of municipal parks (4,392) and burial grounds (15,683), etc.
Institutional cleaning had been taken up by 7.82 lakh institutions.