—) 100% literacy by 2006
—) Free compulsory education upto 15 years
—) Access to education
- Primary School within 1 km
- Upper Primary School within 3 km
- High School within 5 km
- Junior College in each Mandal
—) Eradication of child labour
—) Vocation training for 4 lakh students
—) IIT – Basra
The State had a distinct goal to achieve complete literacy by 2005, with an investment of Rs 1500 crores. By implementing innovative programmes like ‘mallee badiki Podam”, “Akshara Sankranthi,” “chaduvula Panduga” and by appointment of teachers, education volunteers etc, there is a steep increase in literacy, of 17% from 44.09% in 1991 to 61.11% in 2001. The government looks at pre-school facilities as the starter of the challenging route. The decision to locate the new institutions like the Anganwadi within the premises of the primary school will go a long way to ensure an integrated approach.
Working in tandem with the programme of Operation Black Board in a phased manner, all schools have been provided with two teachers, additional classrooms and the Operation Black Board kits. Single teacher units have been converted into institutions with two professionals and now the shift is to provide atleast three teachers for every primary school, where enrollment exceeds 100. The government has further stepped in with free distribution of text books to students belonging to less privileged sections of the society such as SCs, STs and Backward Classes. In addition under NSPE mid day rice scheme of 3 kgs per student if they put in 80% attendance will surely ensure that there is not only a healthy enrollment rate but also that they are retained.
The government has also restructured the Andhra Pradesh Primary Education Project. A total outlay of Rs 744.22 crores has helped the construction of 3255 classrooms and 1070 teacher centres. In all, in a span of 3 years, Naidu’s government could build 39,000 classrooms, 11,000 are nearing completion,and 12,000 more are about to come up. The total target set is to construct 75,000 new classrooms. While focusing its resources on primary education, the government has encouraged private investment and participation in higher education. The degree colleges in the State, numbered at around 809 (government, aided and unaided) has moved up to 1,187 by the year 2003.
A similar increase was seen in the total number of seats in engineering in the State, moving from 10,455 offered in 37 colleges to 62,290 seats in 217 colleges. The number of medical colleges has almost doubled, moving from 10 to 18 and the seats increasing from 1,300 to 2,400. Similar trends have been achieved in MBA and MCA courses, with the seats in MBA moving from 2,145 to 8,944 and in MCA moving from 1,320 to 12,785 in 1995-2003 time period. The State has 14 State-wide universities, seven deemed universities and two central universities. It has already succeeded in bringing Indian School of Business and Indian Institute of Information Technology to Hyderabad.
The government has introduced MAA BADI scheme which was launched in July 1999, on demand from local authorities. In addition a scheme of Integrated Education for the disabled has been started. Five thousand Vidya Volunteers have been deployed for mobilizing, enrolling, and retaining children in primary, upper primary and secondary schools. There is technical upgradation with the government supplying 18081 schools with colour television sets, 7000 with VCPs and 48485 schools with RCCPs under the Audio Visual scheme. Under Chaduvukundam, about 7 lakh children mostly drop outs were enrolled Self Help Groups have undertaken programmes to improve adult literacy. For the first time Village Education Committees with statutory powers were constituted from among the parents of the children.